Eid ul Adha is the festival of sacrifice. It started from the time when Prophet Ibrahim sacrificed his beloved son Ismail on the command of Allah. Eid al Adha is one of the Holier among the two biggest Islamic festivals. It is celebrated worldwide by all the Muslims. They sacrifice animals and distribute it as according to the Islamic rituals, and they wear their finest or newest cloth and greet Eid with each other.
The basis of Eid al Adha
Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s) was born in an idol workship family. His father name is Azhar. Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s) was very clever and was always asking questions. Most of the people he knew worshipped idols but Ibrahim did not. So from the beginning of his life, he had to face many problems in the way of showing the people the way of Allah. He passed many difficulties for delighting Allah.
One night Ibrahim had a bad dream. He dreamt Allah told him to sacrifice Ismail. Ibrahim thought it was Shaytan playing nasty tricks on him. The next night he had the same dream again. This time he thought that there might be a reason behind this dream. So he decided that he will obey Allah’s command. Even though he loves his son too much but he prepared to do this for Allah.
He spoke up about his dream with his son ISMAIL and he accepted that happily. He told his son that they have to go to Mount Arafat. On the way to Mount Arafat, they passed from a place name Mina. The devil, Shaytan, came to Ibrahim and tried to talk him out of sacrificing his son. Abraham drove Satan away by throwing pebbles at him and turn his back to him and move forward. When they reach Mount Arafat ISMAIL told his Father to tight his hand and legs with the rope and blindfold himself. So he would not struggle and make his father even more upset. Ibrahim did as Ismail had said. He then took the knife and did what Allah had told him to do.
When he took the blindfold from his eyes he looked down, not at his son but at a dead ram. Ismail was at his side. Ibrahim was afraid. He thought he had disobeyed but then he heard a voice telling him not to worry. Allah looks after his followers. Ibrahim and Ismail had passed a difficult test. It is a great example of Sacrifice.
Eid ul Adha an Islamic Festival
At Eid al-Adha, many Muslims make a special effort to pray and listen to a sermon at a mosque. They also wear new clothes, visit family members and friends. And may symbolically sacrifice an animal in an act known as Qurbani.
Each year, during the month of Dhul Hijjah, many Muslims from all over the world travel to Makkah. They want to remember the sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim and Ismail. The Muslims perform Hajj and throw pebbles at Satan at the place Mina. They visit places where Ibrahim and Ismail lived and preached. They give a sacrifice just as Allah commanded Ibrahim to do. After sacrificing Animals, they divide it into three pieces one part is for the family themselves, the second part belongs to the relatives and neighbors and the third part is for the poor people.
Different names of Eid ul Adha in Different Countries
The place where Hazrat Ibrahim sacrifice Hazrat Ismail was Saudi Arabia. So the word Eid ul Adha drove from the Arabic language. In which [ Eid ] means Festival or Holiday and [ Adha ] means the sacrificial animal.
Eid ul Adha is an Islamic festival so it is obvious that it is celebrated all over Islamic countries. In most of the Islamic countries, there is a public holiday on the day of Eid ul Adha.
In Yemen, Syria, and North Africa it is called Eid ul Kabir which means a great Festival. Urdu and Hindi name of the festival is Bari EID. Although the proper meaning of Baqarah is a cow but it’s meaning extend to the livestock animals. Eid al-Baqarah meaning “Eid of Cows sheep or goats” is used in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. In Pashto, it is called as Loy Akhtar which also means a big Festival and so on. There are many more synonyms which are used instate of Eid ul Adha in different countries with very slight differences.
Quranic Verses About Eid ul Adha
Indeed, the celebration of Eid-al-Adha is a reminder for all of us regarding the story of the sacrifice made by the family of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham). This story is so noble that it is recorded in our five daily prayers. Prophet Ibrahim’s family is a role model for believers because they chose to abide by all Allah’s commands regardless of circumstances, to prove that Islam is the truth. Allah the Almighty mentioned in the Quran in Chapter 2 (Surah al-Baqarah), verses (Ayats) 130 to 131:
Which means: And who would be averse to the religion of Abraham except one who makes a fool of himself. And We had chosen him in this world, and indeed he, in the Hereafter, will be among the righteous. When his Lord said to him, “Submit”, he said, “I have submitted [in Islam] to the Lord of the worlds.”
This is the perfect model of a righteous family which obeyed Allah’s command without hesitation as recorded in the Quran
in Chapter 37 (Surah al-Soffat), verses (Ayats) 102 to 105:
And when he reached with him [the age of] exertion, he said, “O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you, so see what you think.” He said, “O my father, do as you are commanded. You will find me, if Allah wills, of the steadfast.” And when they had both submitted and he put him down upon his forehead, We called to him, “O Abraham, You have fulfilled the vision.” Indeed, We thus reward the doers of good.
Allah reminds us to be obedient to Him as He mentioned in the Quran in Chapter 33 (Surah al-Ahzab), verse (ayat) 71:
He that obeys Allah and His Messenger, has already attained the highest achievement.
What, why and when Hajj is performed?
First of all, we must know what is Hajj?
Hajj is one of the “five pillars” of the Islamic faith. (The other “pillars” include a declaration of faith, daily prayers, offering regular charity, and fasting during the month of Ramadan.) Hajj activities take place for six days (8th-13th) of the Islamic lunar month of Dhul-Hijjah. Pilgrimage is a once-in-a-lifetime obligation for those Muslims who have the physical and financial ability to undertake the journey. It is also a form of worship that involves the entire being: body, mind, and soul.
When Eid ul Adha is celebrated?
Eid ul Adha is celebrated according to the Islamic calendar. But you have noticed that each year it is celebrated on a different date. No, actually it is not, it is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar and it only varies in Georgian Calendar. It is celebrated on 10th of Dhul-Hijjah each year. As the Islamic calendar is a Lunar calendar and the Georgian Calendar is a Solar Calendar. So Because Dhul-Hijjah is a lunar month, it begins about eleven days earlier each year.
Confirmations of actual dates by moon sighting are applied on the 29th day of the lunar month prior to Dhu al-Hijjah to announce the specific dates for both Hajj rituals and the subsequent Eid festival. The three days after the listed date are also part of the festival. The time before the listed date the pilgrims visit the Mount Arafat and descend from it after sunrise of the listed day.
In many countries, the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality.
When does Eid prayer start?
The Eid celebration starts with the Eid Prayer. The people gathered in a Mosque and the prayer is performed any time after the sun completely rises up (approximately 20 minutes after complete sunrise) to just before the entering of Zuhr time. The Eid prayer does not consist of Azan (the call to announce the prayer time) or Iqamah (the call to start prayer). At the conclusion of the prayers and sermon, Muslims embrace and exchange greetings with one another Eid Mubarak.
How Eid ul Adha is Celebrated all over the world?
On the day of Eid ul Adha Muslims from different countries and places of the world travel to their homelands and hometowns to celebrate the festival with their families and friends. Moreover, it is during the festival of Eid that family friends meet with each other thus the members of different families interact with each other. It is a custom across different Muslim cultures across the globe that Muslims share and exchange gifts with each other on the day of Eid ul Adha. Muslims keep all their tensions and conflicts aside and greet each other with love and joy. On this day Muslims forgive each other for all of the previous mistakes and by forgiving all that they hug each other and give their relationship a fresh start that is based on love and brotherhood with no ulterior motives.
Special dishes of Eid ul Adha
Eid Al Adha is a dream come true for foodies, especially meat lovers, with a tantalizing spread of aromatic, rich, flavorsome delicacies! which is also known as “Bakara Eid“. Food is an integral part of the celebration when it comes to any festival! And the holy festival Eid Al Adha, which literally means the “sacrifice feast”, is celebrate across the world by Muslims preparing traditional Eid Al Adha food comprising elaborate dishes and desserts. There is 12 delicious food which made across the world on Eid ul Adha.
Massage of Eid ul Adha
Any festival celebrated in part of the world give the message of sharing joy and happiness with each other, so as Eid ul Adha. It gives the message sharing love, brotherhood, happiness, forgiveness, and as well as involving others in your happiness.
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